2020 AoC Day 5 – Binary Boarding

This is a solution to Advent of Code 2020 day 5, written in Raku.

Part One

Every seat also has a unique seat ID: multiply the row by 8, then add the column. In this example, the seat has ID 44 * 8 + 5 = 357.

As a sanity check, look through your list of boarding passes. What is the highest seat ID on a boarding pass?

For this problem, I chose to encapsulate the boarding pass in a class, in anticipation of a more challenging part two. With brain not fully functioning, I also implemented a ticket parser using binary split. See later for a simpler solution.

Raku

  my @tickets = '5-input.txt'.IO.lines;

class Pass {
has $.ticket; has$.row;
has $.column; method seat-id {$!row * 8 + $!column } method parse($ticket) {
my ($front,$back, $left,$right) = 0, 127, 0, 7;

for $ticket.comb ->$c {
given $c { when 'F' {$back = $front + (($back - $front) div 2) } when 'B' {$front = $front + (($back - $front + 1) div 2) } when 'L' {$right = $left + (($right - $left) div 2) } when 'R' {$left = $left + (($right - $left + 1) div 2) } } } Pass.new(:$ticket, row => $front, column =>$left);
}
}

my @passes = @tickets.map(
-> $t { Pass.parse($t)
});

my @ids = @passes.map(*.seat-id);

say "Part One";
say @ids.max;

say "Part Two";
say ((@ids.min .. @ids.max).Set (-) @ids.Set).first.key;
Part One
822
Part Two
705


Part Two

It's a completely full flight, so your seat should be the only missing boarding pass in your list. However, there's a catch: some of the seats at the very front and back of the plane don't exist on this aircraft, so they'll be missing from your list as well.

Your seat wasn't at the very front or back, though; the seats with IDs +1 and -1 from yours will be in your list.

What is the ID of your seat?

It turns out that the solution for part one almost gives the answer for part two. All that's needed is to calculate the set difference between the range of parsed seat ids and the actual set of parsed seat ids. This will give the seat id for the missing ticket.

The code for part two is included above.

Alternatives

Writing a class for the Pass was not really necessary. It ended up complicating the solution rather than simplifying it. Here's the same logic, without defining a class and instead just mapping ticket string directly to seat id. Not sure why I didn't think of that initially.

Raku

  my @tickets = '5-input.txt'.IO.lines;

my @ids = @tickets.map(*.trans('FBLR' => '0101').parse-base(2));

say "Part One";
say @ids.max;

say "Part Two";
say ((@ids.min .. @ids.max).Set (-) @ids.Set).first.key;
Part One
822
Part Two
705